- References Examining Assaults by Women on Their Spouses or Male Partners: An Annotated Bibliography. Martin S. Fiebert, Department of Psychology, California State University, Long Beach
SUMMARY: This bibliography examines 203 scholarly investigations: 156 empirical studies and 47 reviews and/or analyses, which demonstrate that women are as physically aggressive, or more aggressive, than men in their relationships with their spouses or male partners. The aggregate sample size in the reviewed studies exceeds 185,500. Reference
- Dominance and Symmetry in Partner Violence by Male and Female University Students in 32 Nations, Murray A Strauss. 'Violence by only the male partner was the least frequent pattern according to both male and female participants.' (Abstract)
- Differences in Frequency of Violence and Reported Injury Between Relationships With Reciprocal and Nonreciprocal Intimate Partner Violence Daniel J. Whitaker, PhD, Tadesse Haileyesus, MS, Monica Swahn, PhD and Linda S. Saltzman, PhD "In nonreciprocally violent relationships, women were the perpetrators in more than 70% of the cases." (Abstract)
- DV Stats.Com A search engine which locates academic studies on Domestic Violence by keyword.
- For a collection of more general links on the subject, click here
The scientific evidence clearly shows the following:
- Domestic violence affects only a minority of couples. In other words, it is relatively rare.
- Women initiate domestic violence more often than men do.
- Domestic violence is just as common in the homosexual communities as it is in the heterosexual community.
- Domestic violence often collocates very strongly with alcohol and substance abuse.
- Domestic violence is usually reciprocal, rather than one partner hitting the other exclusively. Where it is non-reciprocal, the evidence shows that in heterosexual relationships the perpetrator is more likely to be the woman than the man.